Sunday, 8 November 2020

Biag Ni Lam-Ang (The Life of Lam-Ang) | Philippine Ilocano Epic

Namongan gives birth toLam-ang, a baby of incredible strength and courage. The boy asks his mother about his father's whereabouts and learns that he has gone to fight the Igorot.Lam-angarms himself withcharmsand decides to look for his father. From a dream, he learns that his father Don Juan Panganiban had been killed by the Igorot. Later,Lam-angfinds the Igorot in a "sagang", a feast celebrating a successful headhunting expedition. His father's head is displayed in the feast.Lam-angslays them all with his spear and mutilates the last among them.         

WhenLam-angreturns home, 99 maidens wash his hair in the river. For his shampoo, he burns so much rice straw that the communities near the river are alarmed by smoke. The dirt from his hair kills all the fish in the river. He then kills acrocodileand carries it on his shoulder ashore amidst theapplauseof his companions.      

Lam-anghears of a beautiful maiden named Ines Cannoyan, daughter of the richest man of the town of Kalanutian. He tells his mother of his desire to court the maiden. Although his mother discourages him, he goes anyway, dressed in gold and accompanied by hispetrooster and white dog. The giant Sumarang blocks his way and belittles him.Lam-angdefeats him in a duel and hurls him nine hills away. Later, Sarindadan tries to seduce him, butLam-angrejects her advances.       

Reaching Kalanutian, he impresses Ines with his magic. His roostercrowsand topples a small outhouse. His dog barks and the outhouse is rebuilt. Ines invites him to the house where the rooster acts asLam-ang's spokesperson. Ines' parents ask for a bride price, whichLam-angagrees to give.Lam-angreturns home to prepare for the wedding and the presents. He and his townfolk sail on two golden ships to Kalanutian whereLam-angand Ines have a Catholic wedding. The townspeople board the two ships to Nalbuan,Lam-ang's birthplace, to continue the celebration.          

After the celebration, Lam-angagrees to hunt "rarang" a shellfish. He is swallowed by the giant fish "berkakang" as he has dreamt so. However, adiverrecovers his bones. Thepetrooster flaps its wings and resurrectsLam-ang.Lam-angrewards thediverand lives happily with his wife and pets.          


The Iloko Biag ni Lam-ang is the oldest recorded Philippine folk epic and the only complete epic from the Christian Filipino groups. A relatively short epic with 977 lines.



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What is the theme of the epic?

Answer: The theme of the epic revolves around the bravery and courage of the main character portrayed by Lam-ang, who was gifted with speech as early as his day of birth, who enter on a series of adventures which end in his heroic death and following resurrection.


What is the moral lesson in the Ilocano epic Biag ni Lam Ang?

Answer: The moral of the epic is that life is full of trials and problems; one must be strong and must accept this reality. Lam-ang is a great person because he has a supernatural power that he use to help other people around him. He do anything just to win the heart of the woman he loves.


What is the conflict of Biag ni Lam Ang?

Answer: The conflict in the story is when Don Juan went to the mountains in order to punish a group of Igorot enemies. Lam-ang went to his father disappeared then he fought for his father's enemies, After nine months of waiting for his father to return, Lam-ang decided he would go look for him.


What is the rising action of Biag ni Lam Ang?

Answer: The rising action is when Lam-ang decided to woo Ines Kannoyan.


Who wrote Biag ni Lam Ang?

Answer: Pedro Bukaneg (March 1592 – c. 1630) was a Filipino poet. Blind since birth, he is the acknowledged author of the Ilocano epic Biag ni Lam-ang (Life of Lam-ang).












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